Crime against women
Crime against women
Promises to address gender gap are far from reality. In India, women do not seem to enjoy all the rights to freedom provided under the Constitution of India. According to a report by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), a crime against women is recorded every 1.7 minutes in India. Every 16 minutes a rape case is recorded in this country and every 4.4 minutes a girl is subjected to domestic violence.
Acid attacks also known as vitriolage is a violent attack especially on women. Every year around 1500 people are attacked in this way across the world. Reports indicate that out of them, 80% are women and 40% to 70% are below 18 years of age.
According to the report of NCRB for the year 2013, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal earned the dubious distinction of leading a list of states where crime against women in 2013 was highest. However considering the rate of crime committed per lakh of female population, Assam and Tripura top the list followed by Rajasthan.
The National Crime Records Bureau figures show that Andhra Pradesh, accounting for 7.26 per cent of the country's population, recorded 10.60 per cent of total crime against women with 32, 809 cases. The rate of crime per lakh of female population was also high at 76.25.
Similarly, Uttar Pradesh accounting for 16.68 percent of the country's population recorded 10.51 percent of total crime against women with 32,546 cases. The crime rate was however much lower at 32.93 per lakh of female population.
With 7.5 per cent share of the country's women population, West Bengal accounted for nearly 9.64 per cent of total crime against women by reporting 29,826 cases. The crime rate was 67.14 per lakh of female population.
Madhya Pradesh reported the highest number of rape cases (4,335) accounting for 12.1 per cent of total such cases reported in the country followed by Rajasthan (3,285 cases, 9.78%) and Maharashtra (3,063 cases, 5.52%).
Rape cases have been further categorised as incest rape and other. Incest rape cases have jumped by 35.3 per cent from 396 cases in 2012 to 536 cases in 2013 (267 cases in 2011) as compared to 35.2 per cent increase in overall rape cases.
Maharashtra (108 cases) continued to account for the highest (20.1 per cent) number of incest rape cases. Among the cities however, Delhi reported the largest no of rape cases at 1,441 which included 39 cases of incest rape - also highest among cities.
The cases of Kidnapping and Abduction have jumped by 35.6 per cent during 2013 over the previous year against 7.6 per cent increase during 2012. 18.7 per cent of total such cases reported in the country were from Uttar Pradesh (9,737 cases) alone followed by Bihar and Assam (8.52 per cent, 4,419 cases and 8.14 per cent, 4,222 cases respectively).
Andhra Pradesh has reported 37.35 per cent (4,702 cases) of sexual harassment followed by Maharashtra with 29.91 per cent (2,632 cases) of total incidences during 2013.
Cases of torture of women by husbands and relatives (commonly known as domestic violence) also went up by 11.6 per cent from the previous year (7.5 per cent during 2012). 15.24 per cent of these were reported from West Bengal (18,116 cases). The highest crime rate of 56.39 per lakh of women population (as compared to the national rate of 20.1 per cent) was reported from Assam.
Incidents of molestation in the country jumped by nearly 56 percent during 2013 (5.5 per cent in 2012). Madhya Pradesh continued to report the highest incidence (8,252 cases) amounting to 11.67 per cent of total such cases in the country. Kerala had the highest rate 24.28 per lakh of female population as compared to the national average of 11.94 per lakh of female population, the report said. Among the cities Delhi reported the largest no of incidents (3,069) and also the highest rate at 40.51 per lakh of female population.
28.9 per cent of dowry cases were reported from Uttar Pradesh (2,335 cases) followed by Bihar (1,182 cases) accounting for 14.6 per cent of total cases.
The rate of cognizable crimes against women on all India basis was 52.24 per lakh of female population. But the rates were significantly higher in Assam at 113.93 per lakh of female population followed by Tripura (89.15), Rajasthan (83.13), Andhra Pradesh (76.25) and Haryana (75.04).
Among 53 cities, Delhi (11449 cases) has accounted for 21.41 per cent of total crime against women in these cities followed by Mumbai (2946 cases; 5.51 per cent), Bengaluru (2608 cases; 4.88 per cent), Ahmedabad (2449 cases; 4.58 per cent) and Kolkata (2399 cases; 4.49 per cent).
National capital Delhi has reported 29.41 per cent of rape cases, 35.1 per cent of kidnapping and abduction cases, 15.76 per cent of dowry deaths, 25.76 per cent of molestation cases and 28.3 per cent of incest rape cases among 53 mega cities, the NCRB report said.
The rate of cognizable crimes against women was significantly higher in Vijayawada, Kota, Gwalior, Delhi and Jaipur at 279.7, 184.43, 165.23, 151.13, and 139.81 per lakh of female population respectively as compared to average of mega cities at 69.72 per lakh of female population.